City of Salzburg, Austria. © Thomas Pintaric
Until 1816, Salzburg was a city-state,
independent of the Habsburgs and ruled by powerful
prince-archbishops. It is situated on the northern border of
Austria in a picturesque setting surrounded by mountains, 70 miles
(113km) southeast of Munich.
Famously Mozart's birthplace, the city
celebrates its most famous son during the Salzburg Festival, which
presents world-class performances of opera, drama and concerts each
summer. Even those not particularly interested in music will find
it difficult to ignore Mozart's influence: his image is on every
postcard and chocolate box, and both his birthplace and family home
are now museums offering detailed insight into his life and
The city is also the hometown of Baroque,
and the south side of the river is a beautiful Baroque sprawl of
charming churches, squares, houses and fountains. The original
buildings were cleared in the late 1500s by Prince Archbishop Wolf
Dietrich von Raitenau in order to create a 'German Rome' in his
All the main sights are within walking
distance of the spacious old city (Altstadt), which is now largely
pedestrianised. A few miles to the south of the city are the
historic towns of Hallein and Werfen and to the west are the lakes
of Salzberger, which are especially worth visiting during the
spring and summer when the wildflowers are out.
Much like its cousin Vienna, Salzburg is a
city rich in the heritage of classical music. Aside from indulging
in the dramatic arts and old world soundscapes, visitors will revel
in its refined architecture and its gorgeous natural surrounds.
Travel Guide powered by Word Travels, copyright © 2020 Globe Media Ltd. All rights reserved. By its very nature much of the information in this guide is subject to change at short notice and travellers are urged to verify information on which they're relying with the relevant authorities. Neither Globe Media nor The Global Travel Group can accept any responsibility for any loss or inconvenience to any person as a result of information contained above.